中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (1): 112-119.

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对认识论中女性主义视角的进一步反思

文洁华   

  • 收稿日期:2007-07-08 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-01-15 发布日期:2008-01-15

Further Reflections on Some Feminist Perspectives in Epistemology

Eva Kit Wah Man   

  1. (Humanities Programme, Department of Religion and Philosophy, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong)
  • Received:2007-07-08 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-01-15 Published:2008-01-15

摘要:

女性主义对西方传统认识论的批评,主要涉及到知识与表述的问题、知识与理性的中立性、男权的影响和客观性的概念。女性主义对知识构成和认识论的看法,关联着两个有影响力的女性主义立场,即女性主义经验论和女性主义立场论。对这些女性主义观点所遇到的问题、困难和批评的进一步反思,都围绕着一个中心问题:“所谓的‘女性主义认识论’是否可能?”

关键词: 知识的中立性, 客观性, 女性主义经验论, 身体知识, 女性主义立场理论

Abstract:

This paper will first outline the main arguments of the feminist critiques of Western traditional epistemology, concerning the problems of knowledge and representation, the neutrality of knowledge and reason, the influences of masculinity and the notion of objectivity. It will then delineate feminists suggestions of knowledge formation and epistemological approaches and introduce two influential feminist positions, namely the Feminist Empiricism and the Feminist Standpoint theories. The final discussion of this paper involves further reflections on the problems, difficulties and criticisms these feminist suggestions received, all pointing to the question: “Is a socalled ‘feminist epistemology’ possible?”

Key words: neutrality of knowledge, objectivity, feminist empiricism, body knowledge, feminist standpoint theory

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