中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (1): 39-46.

• ---- • 上一篇    下一篇

论生态文学视野中的狼文化现象

吴秀明;陈力君   

  • 收稿日期:2007-10-10 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-01-15 发布日期:2008-01-15

On “Wolf Culture” in Ecological Literature

WU Xiuming;CHEN Lijun   

  1. (Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310028)
  • Received:2007-10-10 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-01-15 Published:2008-01-15

摘要:

20世纪90年代以来,中国出现了一大批与狼相关的文学作品和写狼崇狼的出版物,掀起了一股探索人与自然万物关系的生态文学热潮。当代文学中出现的这股狼文化现象,尽管有不少人为夸饰的成分,但却从一个独特的角度对人们既定的价值观念形成强烈的冲击,预示着文学在生态观念的影响下将产生结构性的变化。《怀念狼》和《狼图腾》堪称这方面的代表作,它们对狼文化、狼形象、狼书写所作的探索,真实地反映了当下中国生态文学的生存状况和精神状态,为文学如何超越“人类中心主义”及实现人与自然万物的和谐协调提供了有益的启迪。

关键词: 生态学, 生态文学, 狼文化, 狼形象, 狼书写

Abstract:

The “wolf culture” in contemporary Chinese literature, though tinged with some artificial decoration ingredients, actually forms a strong impact on peoples fixed values from a unique perspective and indicates literature might structurally change under the influence of ecological conception. The representative works, Yearning for the Wolf and Wolf Totem, explore the wolf culture, the wolf image and the wolf writing, truly reflect the existing state and spiritual condition of the contemporary Chinese ecological literature, and provide inspirations for exceeding “humancentralism” in literature and realizing the harmony between nature and human.

Key words: ecology, ecology literature, wolf culture, wolf image, wolf writing