中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (1): 59-64.

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动补结构“语义差”标准例说

肖贤彬   

  • 收稿日期:2007-09-20 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-01-15 发布日期:2008-01-15

Illustration on Discriminative Criterion for Semantic Differences of VC Structure in Ancient Chinese

XIAO Xianbin   

  1. (School of Oversea Educational Exchange, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou, 510275)
  • Received:2007-09-20 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-01-15 Published:2008-01-15

摘要:

我们考察动补结构上下字的关系和汉语史语料发现,动补结构上下字之间存在“语义差”:上字的行为动作性质强于下字,下字的状态结果性质强于上字,上字的行为动作产生了下字的状态结果,该文通过剖析“澄清”等例证来说明动补结构的形成机制。

关键词: 动补结构, 判别标准, &ldquo, 语义差&rdquo, 澄清

Abstract:

Based on materials of ancient Chinese language, this paper illustrates that there are “semantic differences” between the first and the second characters of verbcomplement structure. The first character highlights the action while the second expresses the state and result. The state and result of the second character is the outcome of the action of the first one. It analyzes the formation mechanism of the verbcomplement structure by the illustrations like chengqing(澄清).

Key words: verbcomplement structure, discriminative criterion, semantic differences, chengqing(澄清)

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