中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (3): 185-191.

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新古典经济学在中国的应用审视——经济学的人文性反思

朱富强   

  • 收稿日期:2008-03-12 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-05-15 发布日期:2008-05-15

A Survey on the Application of Neoclassical Economics in China: Reconsidering the Humanity of Economics

ZHU Fuqiang   

  1. (Lingnan College, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou, 510275)
  • Received:2008-03-12 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-05-15 Published:2008-05-15

摘要:

目前,国内经济学家大多热衷于使用以新古典主义为代表的西方主流经济学的基本理论和研究思维来解释、分析中国的社会经济现象以及使用它来完善和设计中国的社会制度。值得注意的是,我们在将新古典经济学的理论和思维应用于中国实践的同时,必须考虑这样三个方面的问题:(1)我们探究的是私人领域的问题还是公共领域的问题;(2)当前公共领域的问题主要是要素投入还是制度完善的问题;(3)社会制度的完善或设计主要是基于力量的博弈均衡还是渗入了有关社会正义的伦理因素。显然,当前中国社会的主要问题在公共领域,其核心是社会制度的完善问题,而任何社会制度的设立都不能纯粹由个体之间的力量决定。但新古典经济学侧重的却是私人领域,是在制度相对完善的情况下通过个体博弈来探究个体行为和解释社会制度,并基于伦理实证主义将现实制度合理化,因而以这种经济学来改造中国的社会制度必然会带来严重的社会问题。

关键词: 新古典经济学, 古典经济学, 人文性, 公共领域, 博弈均衡

Abstract:

At present, most domestic economists are eager to take the theories and thoughts of neoclassical economics to analyze the social phenomena and establish the social institutions in China. However, three aspects should be taken into account: first, whether the problem is in private field or public field; second, whether the main problem in public field relates to the supply of product factor or to the modification of social institute; third, whether the modification of social institutions is from the game balance based upon force or the ethic based on social justice. Obviously, the main problem is in the public field and its core is the modification of social institutions in China today, while the establishment and modification of any social institutions can not start from the game balance based upon sheer force. However, neoclassical economics focuses on the private field and research on how individuals behave under established institutions, so it will give rise to serious social problems if the theory and thought of neoclassical economics are employed to reform the social institutions in China.

Key words: Neoclassicalism Economics, classic Economics, humanity, public field, balance of game

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