中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (3): 6-16.

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容庚与中国青铜器学

曾宪通   

  • 收稿日期:2008-04-03 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-05-15 发布日期:2008-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 曾宪通

Prof. Rong Geng and Modern Scientific Study of Bronzeware

ZENG Xiantong   

  1. (Department of Chinese, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou, 510275)
  • Received:2008-04-03 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-05-15 Published:2008-05-15

摘要:

青铜器古称彝器,是我国青铜时代的伟大创造。青铜器研究肇兴于宋,延及清代,金石之学盛行。金石学以刊布彝器图像和摹释铜器铭文为主要模式。从20世纪20年代开始,容庚先生率先集商周彝器铭文上之单字为《金文编》,进而在充分吸收宋清两代金石学研究成果的基础上,益以近代考古学的新知,运用出土实物与传世文献相结合的方法,成《商周彝器通考》一书。是书对青铜器的形制、名称、时代、真伪以及铭文、花纹等作综合的考察和缜密的论证,与其前后所撰的一系列相关著作共同构成了一套比较完整的研究体系,为现代青铜器学的建立奠定了坚实的基础,开启了中国青铜器及其铭文研究的新时代。

关键词: 容庚, 商周, 彝器, 金文, 通考, 青铜器学

Abstract:

Bronze objects, the great creation in the Bronze Age, were called the vessels used in ceremonies at temples in ancient China. The study of bronze had begun since the Song Dynasty, and the study of bronze and stone inscriptions, mainly on duplication and interpretation of pictures and inscriptions of bronze and stone objects, began in the Qing Dynasty. From 1920s on, Prof. Rong Geng began to collect the characters inscribed on the bronze objects of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties and compiled The Collection of Bronze Characters. Afterwards he integrated the studies of predecessors in the Song and Qing Dynasties, and employed the new approaches of modern archaeology——to combine the studies of unearthed relics and classics, thus The General Decipherment of the Bronze Objects of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, the monograph about the study of style, names, times, fake discrimination, pattern and inscriptions of the bronze objects of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties came into being. This book and his other works form a system and set up the foundation for modern scientific study of bronze objects. He has started a new age of the study of the Chinese bronzeware and their inscriptions.

Key words: the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, the vessels used in ceremonies at temples, bronze inscriptions, the decipherment, scientific study of bronze

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