中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (4): 132-139.

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西西里远征之后的叙事策略与政治

魏朝勇   

  • 收稿日期:2008-03-11 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-07-15 发布日期:2008-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 魏朝勇

The Narrative Strategy and the Politics after the Expedition to Sicily: A Commentary on Book Eight of Thucydides History

WEI Chaoyong   

  1. (Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou, 510275)
  • Received:2008-03-11 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-07-15 Published:2008-07-15
  • Contact: WEI Chaoyong

摘要:

“演说”是修昔底德《战争志》最突出的叙事法则,也是雅典民主政制的象征,但是《战争志》惟独第8卷不见“演说”。文章根据修昔底德的叙事策略,阐明“演说”的缺席意味着雅典政治品性在西西里远征失败后已演变成斯巴达式的“审慎”和“畏惧”,并进而论述阿尔克比亚德的“恢复”、雅典式的“审慎”和“最佳政体”的关联。

关键词: 演说, 审慎, 畏惧, 恢复, 最佳政体

Abstract:

The “speech” is not only a prominent narrative principle of Thucydides History, but also a symbol of the Athenian democracy; yet it is unexpected that there are not any “speeches” in Book Eight of History. In terms of Thucydidean narrative motive, this paper clarifies that the absence of “speeches” in Book Eight implies that the Athenian political property has become the Lacedaemonian “prudence” and “fear” after failure in the expedition to Sicily. It further discusses the connections between the Alcibiadess “recovery”, the Athenian “moderation” and the “best regime”.

Key words: speech, prudence or moderation, fear, recovery, best regime

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