中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (4): 154-161.

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资源、权力与国家:解读吉登斯的后马克思主义国家观

郭 忠 华   

  • 收稿日期:2008-01-11 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-07-15 发布日期:2008-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 郭 忠 华

Resources, Power and State: Interpretation of Giddens Conception of PostMarxist State

GUO Zhonghua   

  1. (School of Government, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou, 510275)
  • Received:2008-01-11 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-07-15 Published:2008-07-15
  • Contact: GUO Zhonghua

摘要:

吉登斯被看作是当代后马克思主义思潮的杰出代表。他从后马克思主义的立场对马克思主义国家学说进行了反思和解构,认为马克思主义有关国家的建立基础、阶级本质和发展轨迹等理论存在着这样或那样的问题。在解构马克思主义国家学说的基础上,吉登斯从资源和权力的角度分析了国家的涵义和历史类型。在他看来,国家是一种能够对社会进行反思性监控的组织,以反思性监控能力和暴力垄断能力作为标准,国家划分为传统国家、绝对主义国家和民族国家三种历史类型。吉登斯的国家观为我们思考马克思主义国家学说和进行国家理论研究提供了某些启示意义,但其理论也难以逾越自洽性问题。

关键词: 吉登斯, 后马克思主义, 资源, 权力, 国家

Abstract:

Giddens is regarded as one of the most important figures of the postMarxist thoughts. He reflects and reconstructs the Marxist state theory from the postMarxist viewpoint, and brings forward that there are various problems in Marxist state theory considering the foundingbase of state, the state nature and the state developmental tendencies. On the bases of such a deconstruction, Giddens analyzes the notional meaning and historical types of the state from the viewpoint of resource and power. According to his viewpoints, the state is a kind of organization that can reflexively monitor the society, and with the reflexive monitoring ability and violence monopoly ability as criteria, he divides all kinds of states into three types: the traditional state, the absolutist state and the nationstate. Giddens conceptions of state provide some instructive significance on the rethinking of Marxist state theory and the study of the state theory, but they also have severe theoretical defects.

Key words: Giddens, postMarxism, resource, power, state

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