中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (4): 19-27.

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“诗穷而后工”的历史考察

巩 本 栋   

  • 收稿日期:2008-04-29 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-07-15 发布日期:2008-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 巩 本 栋

A Historical Study of “Shi Qiong Er Hou Gong”

GONG Bendong   

  1. (Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093)
  • Received:2008-04-29 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-07-15 Published:2008-07-15
  • Contact: GONG Bendong

摘要:

“诗穷而后工”是中国古典诗学的重要命题之一,其说虽渊源有自,然明确提出此说的,则是北宋的欧阳修,而这又与北宋党争有着密切的联系,是北宋党争背景下的产物。在欧阳修之后,此说成为一种带有普遍意义的看法,遂又有其逆命题“诗能穷人”以及后者的反命题“诗能达人”等观点的出现。

关键词: &ldquo, 诗穷而后工&rdquo, 北宋, 党争, 欧阳修, 梅尧臣

Abstract:

“Shi Qiong Er Hou Gong” is one of the important propositions in classical Chinese poetry. Although the idea has been put forward before Ouyang Xiu, he was definitely the first to present it. This proposition, closely connected with factional strife in the Northern Song Dynasty, is the product of the factional strife. After Ouyang Xiu, it became a general viewpoint, and later its counterproposition that “poetry will impoverish people” and its antiproposition that “poetry will help people achieve immortality” emerge.

Key words: Shi Qiong Er Hou Gong, factional strife, Northern Song Dynasty, Ouyang Xiu, Mei Yaochen

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