中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (4): 34-40.

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变异学:比较文学学科理论的重大突破

曹顺庆   

  • 收稿日期:2008-03-17 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-07-15 发布日期:2008-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 曹顺庆

The Variation: The Breakthrough in Theories of Comparative Literature

Cao shunqing   

  1. (College of Literature and Journalism, Sichuan University, Chengdu,610064)
  • Received:2008-03-17 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-07-15 Published:2008-07-15
  • Contact: Cao shunqing

摘要:

文章阐述了在比较文学学科理论中,法国学派和美国学派各自的研究特点和在研究中面临的困惑;指出了两个学派的理论缺憾以及整个比较文学学科体系缺乏变异性研究的现状。重点指出了比较文学在注重“求同性”的同时,更应该注重“异质性”和“变异性”的研究,尤其是后者。因为比较文学变异学研究是比较文学研究的一个新视角、新方法和新理论,它开启了一个注重异质性和变异性的比较文学学科理论的新阶段,是全世界比较文学学科理论的重大突破。

关键词: 法国学派, 美国学派, 实证关系, 文学比较, 异质性, 变异性, 变异学

Abstract:

This article dwells on the characteristics and the dilemma of the two schools of comparative literature, the French School and the American School, including the insufficiencies of their own. It also points out that there is lack of studies of the variability. It emphasizes that scholars must pay more attention to the heterogeneity and the variability, while noticing the similarities. The variation study in Comparative Literature embodies a new point of view, a new method and a new theory. It turns on a new phase which emphasizes the heterogeneity and the variability in Comparative Literature Theories. And it is a great breakthrough in Comparative Literature Theories all over the world.

Key words: French School, American School, demonstration relation, literary, compare, heterogeneity, variability, the Variation

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