中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (4): 48-52.

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《起死》:荒诞的游戏及所讽喻

邓 国 伟   

  • 收稿日期:2008-02-22 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-07-15 发布日期:2008-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 邓 国 伟

“Qisi”: Absurd Game and Its Allegory

DENG Guowei   

  1. (Department of Chinese, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou, 510275)
  • Received:2008-02-22 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-07-15 Published:2008-07-15
  • Contact: DENG Guowei

摘要:

研究者至今认为鲁迅作《起死》的用意是在批判庄子,并不见得确切。《起死》中的庄子与鲁迅对庄子的认知并非吻合。将庄子符号化,其目的在于借游戏化的笔调,讽喻20世纪30年代文坛上涌现的一派充满“庄子气”的“无是非”文人。并进一步将笔锋深入到国民性批判,揭示中国社会的道教根底。在针砭现实之余,也嘲弄了庄子,指出因其退隐的精神本质和无免于“油滑”的辩才,以致于有被后世的隐士们利用的尴尬。

关键词: 《起死》, &ldquo, 庄子气&rdquo, 游戏, 讽喻

Abstract:

Up to now, researchers still believe that Lu Xuns intention in “Qisi” is to criticize Zhuangzi. It is not necessarily correct. Zhuangzi in “Qisi” does not tally with Lu Xuns cognition of Zhuangzi. The symbolization of Zhuangzi is to satirize the literati who would not distinguish wrong from right and pretended to be of “Zhuangzi manner” in 1930s. He furthered to criticize the national characters and revealed the Taoist root of the Chinese society. Besides criticizing the reality, he also mocked at Zhuangzi and pointed out that his spirit of withdrawal from the world and slippery eloquence resulted in the embarrassment of being used by the later hermits.

Key words: &ldquo, Qisi&rdquo, Zhuangzi manner, game, allegory

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