中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (5): 64-79.

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陈炯明的理想和道路

段云章1; 倪俊明2   

  1. 1 .中山大学历史系教授(广州 510275); 2 .广东省立中山图书馆研究馆员(广州 510110)
  • 收稿日期:2008-05-20 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-09-15 发布日期:2008-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 段云章; 倪俊明

The Ideal and Way of Chen Jiongming: On His Democratic Federal System

DUAN Yunzhang1;NI Junming2   

  1. (1 .Department of History, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou, 510275; 2 .Sun Yatsen Library of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, 510110 )
  • Received:2008-05-20 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-09-15 Published:2008-09-15
  • Contact: DUAN Yunzhang; NI Junming

摘要:

文章先从纵、横两方面论述陈炯明是其理想——民主联邦制理想的真诚信奉者,以及他与同时期其他谈论联省自治者的区别;继从四个方面评价陈炯明的民主联邦制方案,指出他对中国实施民主联邦制作了相当精细的设计,崭露出他对中国和世界情势的认真思考及力图对中国当时面临的主要问题提供应对方案,且具有某种实践性格;同时,论证了陈炯明的民主联邦制所具有的新旧交替交错的特色以及循此展现的社会属性;最后分析了陈炯明民主联邦制方案未能实施的原因及其意义,着重阐述陈炯明和他所创立的致公党与孙中山和中共从离到合、又从合到离、最后归于合的曲折历程,以说明陈炯明和致公党所代表的中间阶级所走的第三条道路在近代中国历史上的地位和作用。

关键词: 陈炯明, 理想, 道路, 民主联邦制, 价值, 地位和作用

Abstract:

This article first expounds that Chen Jiongming was a sincere believer in democratic federal system and that he was different from his contemporaries who talked about federal governing. Then it evaluates Chens project of democratic federal system from four aspects, and points out that he has made quite sophisticated design for implementing democratic federal system in China, revealing that he had a deep thought on both Chinese and global situations, tried to provide a scheme for Chinese major problems at that time, and had a practical character. Meanwhile, this paper demonstrates that Chens democratic federal system had the characteristics of the transition from the old to the new and hence its social nature was revealed. Finally it analyzes the reasons for and significance of the failure in implementation of Chens democratic federal system, and concentrates on expounding the complicated process from separation to integrity, from integrity to separation and integrity again between Chen and Zhigong Party created by him, Sun Yatsen and the Communist Party, in order to point out the status and role of the “third way” of Chen and Zhigong Party represented by the midclass in modern Chinese history.

Key words: Chen Jiongming, ideal, way, democratic federal system, value, status and role

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