中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (6): 83-94.

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罗香林早年人种学与民族学的理念与实践

程 美 宝   

  1. 中山大学历史人类学研究中心、历史系
  • 收稿日期:2008-08-16 修回日期:1900-09-01 出版日期:2008-11-15 发布日期:2008-11-15
  • 通讯作者: 程 美 宝

Luo Xianglin's Early Anthropological and Ethnographic Studies

CHING Maybo   

  1. (Research Center for Historical Anthropology, Department of History, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou, 510275)
  • Received:2008-08-16 Revised:1900-09-01 Online:2008-11-15 Published:2008-11-15
  • Contact: CHING Maybo

摘要:

在20世纪的中国史家中,罗香林是属于自少壮时期便开始运用民俗学、民族学和人种学等学科,探讨中国民族的形成与特性的佼佼者之一。1932年,他受燕京大学国学研究所之托,用体质人类学的方法,赴广州、曲江、南雄等地进行实地调查。从罗香林的笔记可见,他当时阅读了不少相关的论著,制定了十分详细的研究计划,虽然其计划最后因种种客观条件而未竟成功,但在接下来的二、三十年间,罗香林陆续发表了多部中国民族史的著作,对客家研究着力尤多。在今天看来,罗氏的人种学理念和论述固有其时代的局限,但其身体力行地从事实地考察,锲而不舍地寻求其他社会科学的治学路径,可以说是代表了20世纪中国史学家对梁启超在世纪初提出的“新史学”研究的一种躬行实践。

关键词: 罗香林, 体质人类学, 民族学, 新史学, 客家研究

Abstract:

Luo Xianglin was among the students of Chinese history who echoed his forerunners to apply ethnography, anthropology, and folklore studies on the studies of the formation of the Chinese people. Supported by Yenching University, Luo Xianglin conducted a series of physical anthropological studies and ethnographic surveys in Guangzhou and various parts of northern Guangdong in 1932. His manuscripts and notes showed that he had been familiar with the current literature of physical anthropology, and had set down a detailed blueprint before conducting his research. Although his surveys were unfinished in the end, his subsequent works on Chinese ethnology, in particular those on the Hakkas, were based to some extent on these early field works. Despite the methodological limitations, Luo Xianglin's field work was an attempt of putting Liang Qichao's idea of “new history” into practice, and should be better appreciated in the wider context of the evolution of Chinese historiography in the twentieth century.

Key words: Luo Xianglin, physical anthropology, ethnography, &ldquo, new history&rdquo, Hakka studies

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