中山大学学报社会科学版 ›› 2008, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (3): 127-133.

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“家”“国”之间——“民之父母”说的社会基础与思想渊源

张丰乾   

  • 收稿日期:2007-10-10 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-05-15 发布日期:2008-05-15

Between Family and State: History and Social Meaning of the Thoughts of “To Be Parents of the People”

ZHANG Fengqian   

  1. (Department of Philosophy, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou, 510275)
  • Received:2007-10-10 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-05-15 Published:2008-05-15

摘要:

“为民父母”是儒家政治哲学的理论基础。“家国天下”的观念在孟子的时代已经非常流行,文章以为其社会基础在于古代社会“家”、“国”功能的一体化,而《诗经》、《尚书》等早期经典则明确记录并十分推崇此种观念。儒家所主张的“家”“国”一体的理想状态,乃是《诗经》中的“民之父母”,以及《尚书》等典籍中的“作民父母”者所能达到的水准。在仔细研读古代文献的基础上,文章讨论了“民之父母”这一思想和古代社会机构、政治制度之间的关系,以及不同经典之间对于这一思想的共同重视。文章亦对现代学者一些有代表性的看法作了分析和回应。

关键词: 民之父母, 儒家, 诗经, 渊源

Abstract:

“To be parents of the people” is always regarded as one of the most important thoughts of Confucianism. It can be found both in Book of History and Book of Odes as well as being cited frequently by Confucius and his disciples. The idea of “family, state and country to be unity” was very popular in the period of PreQin. Such problems as why and how “to be parents of the people” had been discussed much in earlier Confucian works. This paper focuses on the original documents in Book of History and Book of Odes and tries to figure out the complexities and meanings of the theory of “To Be Parents of the People.” It also analyses and responds to some interpretations of some modern scholars on Chinese ancient society structure and related theories.

Key words: &ldquo, To Be Parents of the People&rdquo, Confucianism, history, society, meaning

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