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    The Fables of KunPeng in Wandering in Absolute Freedom of Zhuangzi
    CHEN Yun
       2009, 49 (1): 135-142.  
    Abstract2813)      PDF (317KB)(101)      
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       2007, 47 (2): 61-64.  
    Abstract2805)      PDF (972KB)(92)      
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       2012, 52 (4): 22-32.  
    Abstract2681)      PDF (372KB)(334)      
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    The Retrospect and Prospect of the Studies on Non-official Employment of Migrant Workers
    WAN Xiangdong
       2009, 49 (1): 159-170.  
    Abstract2666)      PDF (396KB)(86)      
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    A Textual Research on the Relationship Between the “Symbols of Depression” and Chinese New Literature
    CHEN Fangjing
       2008, 48 (5): 1-20.  
    Abstract2490)      PDF (740KB)(130)      

    Since Kuriyagawa Hakuson's works on art were introduced into China after the May 4th Movement, they triggered various complicated responses, from which one could observe the differences of recognition and acceptance of scholastic culture and social culture, the total differences between Lu Xun's and Zhou Zuoren's understandings and its influence on Chinese New Literature. Lu Xun's translation of “Symbols of Depression” and other works had independent features that gave them a new life in Chinese New Literature, which showed the difference between Kuriyagawa Hakuson and him. By the connections with the Russian literature, Lu Xun deepened the theory of will of survival, life philosophy and psychoanalysis in Kuriyagawa Hakuson's literay theory, which reflected an independent form and meaning of origin and development of Chinese New Literature.

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    From Difference to Complementarity: The Interaction of Western Feminist Criticism and Chinese Studies
    Kangi Sun
       2009, 49 (1): 7-13.  
    Abstract2461)      PDF (267KB)(113)      
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    Chinese and Western Cultural Differences and the Universal -Significance of Mimetic Theory in Literature and Art
    GU Mingdong
       2008, 48 (6): 1-19.  
    Abstract2427)      PDF (590KB)(85)      

    Mimesis is one of the most fundamental ideas in Western poetics. Mimetic theories constitute a mainstream in Western aesthetics. In comparative studies of Chinese and Western poetics, however, there exists widely accepted opinion that mimetic theory is a cultural invention unique to the Western tradition. And on this scholarly consensus has been constructed a fundamental dichotomy ramifying into a series of binary oppositions: the metaphorical, figurative, transcendental nature of Western art, as against the metonymic, literal, immanentist nature of Chinese art. Critically reviewing the comparative studies of mimetic theory, this article argues against the accepted opinion. By examining various ontological and epistemological aspects of mimesis in the Chinese tradition in relation to the West, this article re-establishes imitation as a transcultural human instinct and mimetic theory in art as a universal idea across cultural traditions. It also examines how the artistic ideal is conceived of in Chinese and Western representation, how Chinese mimetic theory differs from its Western counterpart, and what implications an understanding of the differences may have for the comparative study of Western and non-Western literatures.

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       2006, 46 (6): 107-113.  
    Abstract2404)      PDF (258KB)(79)      
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    Krugman and New Trade Theory: Policy Implications under Present World Economy
    LU Jialiu
       2008, 48 (4): 178-183.  
    Abstract2381)      PDF (228KB)(103)      

    The theoretical foundation for economic globalization and free trade policy is the theory of free trade that has been dominating the western academy for a long time. The new theory that poses a challenge to the tradition and might lead to a reversion of the course of globalization is the socalled new trade theory formed in the 1970s. Paul Krugman is one of the main contributors of the theory. This article analyzes why the new trade theory could become the theoretical basis for the protective policy of the western countries via the analysis on Krugmans contribution.

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    Interaction and Attitude: Migrant Peasant Workers in the Eyes of Urban Citizens: A Survey of the Guangzhou Citizens
    LIU Linping
       2008, 48 (2): 183-192.  
    Abstract2347)      PDF (313KB)(47)      

    Based on the survey of Guangzhou citizens, this article finds that migrant peasant workers constitute an integrated part of citizens’ life. Most citizens can accept migrant peasant workers as their colleagues, neighbors, friends and even bosses, but not as their family members. Citizens highly identify with this statement“Migrant peasant workers do dirty, arduous and dangerous jobs that citizens do not want to do”, but their general evaluation of them is below the average. Citizens agree that migrant peasant workers should enjoy the same health insurance, compulsory education, union participation and congressional election as urban citizens, but not unemployment benefits, minimum livelihood guarantee and economic housing. The main factor that influences the evaluation of migrant peasant workers’ rights and benefits is the extent of interaction with them. The more the interaction with migrant peasant workers of the same work units, the more positive the evaluation is; while the more interaction with migrant workers of other work units, the more negative the evaluation is. The difference in the opinion and attitude of migrant peasant workers reflects the divergence and contradiction in different groups of urban citizens. It is a reflection of the dual economy’s influence on citizens’ value and social psychology, and the social reality that must be faced in the studies of issues about migrant peasant workers and the corresponding policies.

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    Reconsideration on Qu You and His Jiandeng Xinhua
    Kangi SUN
       2008, 48 (3): 17-26.  
    Abstract2276)      PDF (428KB)(67)      

    Jiandeng Xinhua (剪灯新话) written by the early Ming writer Qu You (瞿佑, 1347-1433) is a collection of classical Chinese tales that exercised one of the greatest transnational influences in East Asia. The collection became popular in Korea as early as the 15th century and was later widely circulated in Japan and Vietnamalthough in China it became increasingly obscure as time went by. Stories in the Jiandeng Xinhua are mainly set in the final years of the Yuan and realistically depict a country with a large population decimated by war. They are mostly about the lives of suffering literati, and a large number of tales use the theme of love between a talented man and a female ghost. Such topics resulted in a phenomenal reception of Jiandeng Xinhua in Korea, Japan, and Vietnam, and apparently general readers there took great delight in the “story” and “discourse” of Qu Yous narrative so that many writers in those countries were inspired to regard Jiandeng Xinhua as the supreme model for composing fiction. More importantly, Qu Yous stories became popular in East Asia at a time when all those countries were either undergoing disastrous civil wars or immediately after a period of similarly dark times. However, ironically, Jiandeng Xinhua was banned in China for a long time, mainly due to political reasons and partly due to its particular literary style that was against the trends of the times. By looking at these two drastically different reception histories (i.e., in China and other East Asian countries, respectively) certainly some insight is gained into the unique destiny of literary works, the experience of the authors, and the various political implications. Moreover, different layers of meaning concerning literary histories would be able to be perceived across the boundaries of nations.

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    Zhang Xianliang as Author and Hero: A Study of His Record of My Emotional Life
    C.T. HSIA
       2008, 48 (5): 56-63.  
    Abstract2267)      PDF (369KB)(81)      

    Zhang Xianliang's creative genius makes him one of the most notable Chinese writers of the twentieth century. In a sense, his Record of My Emotional Life can be considered as an autobiographical novellas collection. Zhang Xianliangs familiarity with a wide range of Western and Chinese literary classics, his interest in Western music and movies, and his remarkable memory have all contributed to his skills in creative writing. This paper analyzes some of the salient characteristics of his fiction such as his rich imagination, wry sense of humor, ambivalent attitude toward women, fresh regionalist flavor, and ability to indicate the multilayered significance of what might seem a minor detail in a given incident or description. It is revealed in this paper that Zhang Xianliang appears to have got beyond political didacticism to offer the reader candid and thoughtprovoking portrayals of complex social and psychological realities in his society.

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    Luo Xianglin's Early Anthropological and Ethnographic Studies
    CHING Maybo
       2008, 48 (6): 83-94.  
    Abstract2231)      PDF (483KB)(72)      

    Luo Xianglin was among the students of Chinese history who echoed his forerunners to apply ethnography, anthropology, and folklore studies on the studies of the formation of the Chinese people. Supported by Yenching University, Luo Xianglin conducted a series of physical anthropological studies and ethnographic surveys in Guangzhou and various parts of northern Guangdong in 1932. His manuscripts and notes showed that he had been familiar with the current literature of physical anthropology, and had set down a detailed blueprint before conducting his research. Although his surveys were unfinished in the end, his subsequent works on Chinese ethnology, in particular those on the Hakkas, were based to some extent on these early field works. Despite the methodological limitations, Luo Xianglin's field work was an attempt of putting Liang Qichao's idea of “new history” into practice, and should be better appreciated in the wider context of the evolution of Chinese historiography in the twentieth century.

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    Migrant Workers- Urban Recognition and Its Influencing Factors: An Empirical Research in Pearl -River Delta
    CAI He;CAO Zhigang
       2009, 49 (1): 148-158.  
    Abstract2229)      PDF (317KB)(70)      
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    Additions and Corrections to Lin Chuns Biography in Quan Song Ci
    ZHONG Zhenzhen
       2008, 48 (6): 53-55.  
    Abstract2202)      PDF (142KB)(71)      

    In History of the Song Dynasty, there is no biography of Lin Chun, an official and writer in Southern Song Dynasty. And the brief biography of him in Quan Song Ci is quite simple with some mistakes in it. Additions and corrections to his biography in Quan Song Ci are made in this paper. This paper mainly discovers the exact native place of Lin Chun, the exact year of his passing the highest imperial examination, the details of his official experience and his works.

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    On the Dispute about Translation Between Creation Society (Chuangzaoshe) and Society of Literary Studies (Wenxueyanjiuhui)
    XIAN Liqiang
       2008, 48 (5): 49-55.  
    Abstract2189)      PDF (281KB)(81)      

    The onset of the dispute between Creation Society and Society of Literary Studies is the issue of translation. Before the foundation of the two literature groups, Guo Moruo and Zheng Zhenduo had started the dispute of translation. First of all, Guo Moruo and his group's activities of translation were severely criticized by Mao Dun and Zheng Zhenduo. Under the pressure of the Society of Literary Studies, the Creation Society fought their way and became the most important translator of Western literature and literary theories in the New Literature Movement of May 4th. Since Guo Muoruo and his group had literary journals of their own, they became more aggressive, especially in the translations and the dispute, and brought a new phase in the translation of modern literature.

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    The Ideal and Way of Chen Jiongming: On His Democratic Federal System
    DUAN Yunzhang;NI Junming
       2008, 48 (5): 64-79.  
    Abstract2178)      PDF (532KB)(93)      

    This article first expounds that Chen Jiongming was a sincere believer in democratic federal system and that he was different from his contemporaries who talked about federal governing. Then it evaluates Chens project of democratic federal system from four aspects, and points out that he has made quite sophisticated design for implementing democratic federal system in China, revealing that he had a deep thought on both Chinese and global situations, tried to provide a scheme for Chinese major problems at that time, and had a practical character. Meanwhile, this paper demonstrates that Chens democratic federal system had the characteristics of the transition from the old to the new and hence its social nature was revealed. Finally it analyzes the reasons for and significance of the failure in implementation of Chens democratic federal system, and concentrates on expounding the complicated process from separation to integrity, from integrity to separation and integrity again between Chen and Zhigong Party created by him, Sun Yatsen and the Communist Party, in order to point out the status and role of the “third way” of Chen and Zhigong Party represented by the midclass in modern Chinese history.

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    A Study on the Source of Woman Generals in the Yangs
    CAO Jiaqi
       2008, 48 (6): 101-108.  
    Abstract2175)      PDF (310KB)(110)      

    Although the legends of woman generals in the Yangs were formed and written in the novel -Yang's Historical Romance in the Ming Dynasty, they were the results of the long development of literary subject matters and related stories, together with the social needs at that time. The subject matter of female general should be traced back to the swordswomen appearing in the legendaries in the Tang Dynasty, while the stories of the woman generals in the Yangs might be influenced by The Water Margin directly. Ms. She, the first figure of woman generals in the Yangs might be created as early as in the Song Dynasty. But from Song to Yuan, or even to the early stage of the Ming Dynasty, the figures of female Yang had always not been the heroines in novels and dramas, and never appeared as the images of woman general. Based on the above evidence, the stories of woman generals in the Yangs should be intensively created in the middle stage of the Ming Dynasty, and probably there were different versions about it at the very beginning. From Song to Ming, the social values reflected by the legends of swordswomen and women generals should be consistent with the growing influence upon people's minds by Neo-Confucianism, which could be taken as the potential aspect of the source of woman generals in the Yangs legendary.

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