中山大学学报自然科学版 ›› 2019, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (2): 77-88.doi: 10.13471/j.cnki.acta.snus.2019.02.010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

快速移民城市深圳人口增长的时空特征及模式

杨高1,周春山2,王少剑2   

  1. 1.广东财经大学地理与旅游学院,广东 广州 510320;
    2.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-08 出版日期:2019-03-25 发布日期:2019-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 周春山(1964年生),男;研究方向:城市地理学、区域发展与城乡规划;E-mail: zhoucs@mail.sysu.edu.cn

The spatial-temporal features of population growth in fast immigrant city Shenzhen

YANG Gao1, ZHOU Chunshan2, WANG Shaojian2   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Tourism, Guangdong University of Finance and Economics, Guangzhou 510320, China;
    2.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2018-03-08 Online:2019-03-25 Published:2019-03-25

摘要:

利用统计年鉴数据和第三、四、五、六次人口普查资料,综合运用数理统计分析和GIS空间分析技术,对改革开放以来尤其是1990-2010年期间深圳人口增长的时空特征和模式进行深入的探讨。得出以下结论:① 作为快速增长的移民城市,深圳人口增长主要受经济因素的影响,其次还受到政治因素的影响。② 深圳人口增长的波动性较大且内部差异显著,各街道人口变动幅度在持续增大,快速增长地区主要分布在中心城区外围,人口负增长地区则位于相对偏远地带。③ 深圳人口分布的热点区集中在中心城区,冷点区则主要分布在广大的东部地区和光明新区,人口集中度较低,分布较为分散,人口重心呈现西北向移动的趋势,人口密度空间分布由“1个高中心”演变为“1个高中心+1个外围中心”再到“1个高中心+2个外围中心”。④作为快速移民城市,深圳人口发展处于成长阶段并逐步迈向成熟阶段,人口变动模式处于绝对向心期向相对向心期发展的过渡阶段。

关键词: 人口增长, 空间分布, 时空演变, 人口变动模式, 快速移民城市, 深圳

Abstract:

The growth pattern and distribution characteristics of population in Shenzhen are analyzed using the statistical yearbook and the data from the 3rd to 6th census by mathematical statistics and GIS spatial analysis. The main results are as follows: (1) As a rapid immigration city, the population growth of Shenzhen was mainly influenced by economic factors and secondly by political factors. (2) The change of the permanent population is consistent with the change of the migrant population, and the fluctuation of population growth is relatively large. The dispersion coefficients are 0.54 and 0.66 from 1990 to 2000 and from 2000 to 2010, respectively. The outlying urban areas have mostly rapid growth in population, but those relatively remote areas show negative growth. (3) The “hot zones” are around the downtown areas; the “cold zones” lie mainly in the eastern region and Guangming new district. In addition, the index of population concentration is low and the distribution is relatively dispersed. The mean pointer center is showing the trend of the northwest direction. The spatial distribution of population density changed from “1 high center” to “1 high center+1 peripheral center” and then to “1 high center+2 peripheral center”. (4) The population growth of Shenzhen is stepping into maturity period from fast growing period, and the pattern of population distribution is in a transitional period from the absolute concentric to the relative concentric period.

Key words: population growth, population distribution, spatial-temporal change, population variation model, rapid immigration city, Shenzhen

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