中山大学学报自然科学版 ›› 2019, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (3): 22-31.doi: 10.13471/j.cnki.acta.snus.2019.03.003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

避暑旅游气候舒适度模型构建与应用

刘逸,卢展晴,陈欣诺   

  1. 中山大学旅游学院,广东 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-14 出版日期:2019-05-25 发布日期:2019-05-25

The climate comfort model for evaluating heat-avoiding resorts in China

LIU Yi, LU Zhanqing, CHEN Xinnuo   

  1. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2018-03-14 Online:2019-05-25 Published:2019-05-25

摘要:

从旅游气候学基础理论出发,对目前用于评价旅游气候舒适度的若干模型进行了分析比较,以其中的综合舒适度模型为基础,结合现有文献资料及实际问卷调查,建立了避暑旅游气候舒适度模型(STCI)。借助此模型,对全国244个城市发展避暑旅游的气候条件进行了分析。结果发现基于新模型评价下的排名与《2014年中国城市避暑旅游发展报告》、传统综合舒适度模型下的排名存在显著差异。通过比较分析发现,我国目前存在部分未得到有效开发的潜在避暑旅游地,这些地区具有极佳的避暑气候条件,却因区位不佳、知名度低等原因而未获得关注;高纬度的东北地区和高海拔的西南地区是我国最适宜开展避暑旅游活动的2大区域,集中了我国大部分具有优越避暑气候的城市;华北地区和西北地区的避暑旅游城市排名存在一定的争议;黑龙江省绥化市、云南省保山市等7个城市具备极佳的避暑旅游气候,适宜发展为避暑旅游城市。基于上述发现,为旅游者的出行决策和政府的旅游业开发提出了相应的建议。

关键词: 避暑旅游气候, 旅游气候, 气候舒适度, 中国避暑旅游地

Abstract:

Based on theories in climatological study, this paper conducts a critical review upon several tourism climate comfort models. It then develops a new model called “STCI” (Summer Tourism Comfort Index) by absorbing insights from the model of Comprehensive Climate Comfort (CCC) and data from firsthand questionnaire survey. This paper applies the STCI model for evaluating places with good heat-avoiding condition for serving as summer tourism destinations in China, based on climate-related data from 244 cities. The results show that ranking lists under the STCI model, the CCC model and the report of “The Development of Summer Tourism in China in 2014” have significant differences. The conclusions are: (1) the STCI model identifies many potential summer tourism destinations in China which still have not been explored. These places have superior conditions for developing summer tourism, but they are yet to be effectively explored because of locational disadvantages or weak economic reputation. (2) Most of China‘s heat avoiding resorts are located in northeast (high-latitude) and southwest (high-altitude), whereas whether the northwest part and “North China” are suitable for summer tourism  remains controversial. (3) Among all the 244 cities, there are seven highly potential cities for developing summer tourism such as Suihua city in Heilongjiang Province and Baoshan City in Yunnan province. Based on these findings, this paper provides suggestions for governments, industries and tourists accordingly.

Key words: heat-avoiding tourism climate, tourism climate, climate comfort model, summer resorts in China

中图分类号: