中山大学学报自然科学版 ›› 2019, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (6): 56-63.doi: 10.13471/j.cnki.acta.snus.2019.06.007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国大陆机场的空间分布及其可达性分析

张亦汉1, 刘婉华1, 许晓聪2, 陈小微1, 乔纪纲1   

  1. 1. 广东财经大学地理与旅游学院, 广东 广州 510320;
    2. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-22 出版日期:2019-11-25 发布日期:2019-11-25

Spatial distribution and accessibility analysis of airports in mainland China

ZHANG Yihan1, LIU Wanhua1, XU Xiaocong2, CHEN Xiaowei1, QIAO Jigang1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Guangdong University of Finance and Economics, Guangzhou 510320, China; 
    2. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2018-10-22 Online:2019-11-25 Published:2019-11-25

摘要:

分析了中国大陆机场的分布、航线网络及其空间特征,再使用改进的平均旅行时间得出机场的可达性,最后运用相关性分析方法研究机场与对外交通、服务质量、运营规模和发展环境等相关情况。结果表明:东部地区的机场密度比西部大,在这些机场中,一周航班数大于1 000的共有27个,其中22个分布在省会城市,仅有5个在其他城市,分别为深圳、厦门、大连、青岛和三亚。航班最多的3条航线是深圳至北京、深圳至上海、上海至北京。通过统计最繁忙的20条航线发现,这些航线起点/终点城市主要包括上海、北京、深圳、成都、重庆、广州和厦门等。从可达性上看,呈现出东高西低的态势。其中高可达性地区包括京津冀地区、长江三角洲地区和珠江三角洲地区等。通过相关性分析发现,机场可达性受交通、服务效率、运营规模和区域发展环境综合影响。其中机场可达性与连接机场的数量、高峰小时架次、出港直飞国内航班和实际出港航班量显著相关,其相关系数分别为0.706、0.822、0.777和0.808。停机位数量、跑道数量、城市GDP和人口数量也具有较强的相关性,相关系数分别为0.776、0.701、0.679和0.695。

关键词: 机场, 空间分布, 密度, 可达性, 相关性

Abstract:

The spatial distribution and network characteristics of airports in mainland China were analyzed, then improved average travel time was used to analyze airport accessibility and correlation analysis method is adopted to study transport, service, operations and environment. The results showed that airports density in the east is larger than that in the west region. There are 27 airports with more than 1 000 flights in a week, among them 22 airports are located in provincial capital cities, and only 5 airports are in non-provincial capital cities, i.e. Shenzhen, Xiamen, Dalian, Qingdao and Sanya, respectively. The top three of the busiest routes are those between Shenzhen-Beijing, Shenzhen-Shanghai and ShanghaiBeijing, and main departure & destination cities for the top 20 of the busiest routes are Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzhen, Chengdu, Chongqing, Guangzhou and Xiamen. From the perspective of accessibility, eastern regions show higher accessibility than western regions in China. High accessibility areas include Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. Furthermore, the airport accessibility is often affected by transport, service, operations and environment, among which the most important factors are related to number of connected airports, outbound flights in peak hours, outbound domestic direct-flights and actual outbound flights. The correlation values are 0.706, 0.822, 0.777 and 0.808, respectively. The accessibility also has a strong correlation with number of parking, number of runways, GDP and population, with correlation values of 0.776,0.701,0.679 and 0.695, respectively.

Key words: airport, spatial distribution, density, accessibility, correlation

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