中山大学学报自然科学版 ›› 2010, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (2): 79-85.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

第四纪冰川对中国昆虫区系形成的影响

贾凤龙
  

  1. (中山大学生命科学学院昆虫学研究所,广东 广州 510275)
  • 收稿日期:2009-03-23 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2010-03-25 发布日期:2010-03-25

Impaction of Quaternary Glacier to Insect Fauna of China

JIA Fenglong

  

  1. (Institute of Entomology, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou 510275, China)
  • Received:2009-03-23 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2010-03-25 Published:2010-03-25

摘要: 第四纪冰川对我国昆虫区系的形成有重大影响,冰川促使古北界种类向南扩散,分布于我国云南、海南和台湾等最南部地区形成了我国分布最南古北种。第四纪冰川对我国南部高山昆虫属、种及特有种的形成起到了重要的作用。我国古北界和东洋界在东部的分界线应该在淮河附近。我国一部分特有种可能是来源于欧洲和俄罗斯远东地区种类被冰川向南驱赶所遗留下来的。很多的古北-东洋广布种的形成是由于冰川的驱赶作用促使一些来源于古北界种类进一步延伸至东南亚和南亚。

关键词: 昆虫区系, 第四纪冰川, 动物地理, 中国

Abstract: Quaternary Glacier took an important impaction to the modern insect fauna of China. Many species from Palearctic region are distributing in Yunnan, Hainan and Taiwan due to Quaternary Glacier, which are the palearctic species distributed the southern end of China. Quaternary Glacier played very important role in formation of mountain genera and species, endemic genera and species in southern China. Palearctic and Oriental Regions should be based on Huaihe River as dividing line. A part of endemic species of China are the survival of ancient species from Europe or Far East of Russia. Glaciers drove some species from Palearctic region to south and extended further to Southeast Asia and South Asia. After theses species successfully settled in Oriental region, PalearcticOriental species eventually formed.

Key words: insect fauna, quaternary glacier, biogeography, China

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