中山大学学报自然科学版 ›› 2011, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (1): 119-122.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于EKC假说的经济发展与自然保护区关系分析

代姗姗1,徐红罡1,李 军2
  

  1. (1. 中山大学旅游学院,广东 广州 510275;2. 中山大学工学院,广东 广州 510275)
  • 收稿日期:2010-02-04 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-01-25 发布日期:2011-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 徐红罡

Relationship Between Economic Development and Environmental Protection based on Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis

DAI Shanshan 1, XU Honggang 1, LI Jun 2

  

  1. (1. School of Tourism, Sun Yatsen University,Guangzhou 510275, China;2. School of Engineering, Sun Yatsen University,Guangzhou 510275, China)
  • Received:2010-02-04 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-01-25 Published:2011-01-25

摘要: 利用计量经济学模型对我国各省的自然保护区面积与经济发展、人口密度的关系进行了分析。结果表明,我国自然保护区的发展符合环境库兹涅茨曲线假说,变化的拐点处于人均GDP为2.5万~3.2万元之间。仅北京、天津、上海、浙江与江苏已越过拐点,广东、山东、辽宁、内蒙古和福建处于拐点区间内,甘肃、四川、青海与吉林虽然没有越过拐点,但自然保护区建设情况较好,而海南,贵州的自然保护区面积偏低。

关键词: 环境库兹涅茨曲线, 自然保护区, 经济增长, 环境保护

Abstract:

An econometrical model is proposed to analyze the relationship between protected area and economic and population growth in China. The results show that the relationship meets the hypothesis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC). The transition period is when GDP per capita is located between 25 000 and 32 000 RMB. Five regions, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Zhejiang Province and Jiansu Province have gone beyond the transition period. Guangdong, Shangdong, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia and Fujian are within the transition period. The areas of their natural conservation areas Gansu, Sichuan, Qinghai and Jilin Provinces are substantial whereas natural conservation areas in Hainan and Guizhou are relatively small although they all have not entered into the transition period.

Key words: Environment Kuznets Curve, protected area, economic development, environmental protection

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