中山大学学报自然科学版 ›› 2011, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (1): 89-91.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

外来入侵害虫橄榄果蝇 Bactrocera oleae 在中国的适生区预测

张 雪,李白尼,魏 武,张文军
  

  1. (中山大学生命科学学院,广东 广州 510275)
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-01-25 发布日期:2011-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 张文军

Prediction of Potential Distribution Areas of Olive Fruit Fly(Bactrocera oleae) in China

ZHANG Xue, LI Baini, WEI Wu, ZHANG Wenjun

  

  1. (School of Life Sciences, Sun Yatsen University, Guangzhou 510275, China)
  • Received:2010-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-01-25 Published:2011-01-25

摘要: 基于两种常用的生态位模型GARP和MAXENT,通过模拟橄榄果蝇的生态需求,分析了其在中国的适宜生境,结合地理信息系统GIS从而模拟出橄榄果蝇在中国的潜在地理分布区。该研究在理论上为掌握橄榄果蝇的扩散趋势和监测范围提供指导。研究结果表明,GARP模型预测我国南方大部分地区为橄榄果蝇的适生区;MAXENT模型的预测结果显示我国西南三省云贵川以及广西为橄榄果蝇的适生区。综合分析,我国云南、四川和贵州的部分地区为橄榄果蝇的高度适生区,对于此地区应该加强对该虫的检疫控制。

关键词: 橄榄果蝇, GARP, MAXENT, 生态位模型, 适生性分析, 中国

Abstract:

Two ecological niche models, GARP and MAXENT, were used to simulate the ecological conditions of the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae. Suitability analysis and Geographic Information System (GIS) were applied to simulate potential distribution areas of the olive fruit fly in China. The GARP results showed that the most areas of southern China are the suitable areas of olive fruit fly. MAXENT model showed that the provinces in southwest China,Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Guangxi are suitable distribution areas of the olive fruit fly. Comprehensive analysis indicated that Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou are the most suitable distribution areas of the olive fruit fly.

Key words: olive fruit fly, GARP, MAXENT, ecological niche model, suitability analysis, China

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