中山大学学报自然科学版 ›› 2012, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (1): 96-101.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态旅游开发对世界双遗产地植被景观的影响

张春英1,张春玲2 ,郑少峰3   

  1. (1.福建工程学院建筑与规划系,福建 福州 350108;2.吉林农业工程职业技术学院生物工程系,吉林 四平 136000;3. 福建船政交通职业学院管理系,福建 福州 350007)
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-27 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2012-01-25 发布日期:2012-01-25

Eco-Tourism Disturbance of the Wuyishan Natural Heritage Vegetation Landscape

ZHANG Chunying1, ZHANG Chunling 2, ZHENG Shaofeng 3   

  1. (1.Department of Landscape Architecture and Planning,Fujian University of Technology, Fuzhou 350108, China;2. Department of Biological Engineering,Jilin Agriculture Engineering Polytechnic College,Siping 136000,China;3. Department of Managemengt, Fujian shipbuilding College, Fuzhou 350007, China)
  • Received:2011-03-27 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2012-01-25 Published:2012-01-25

摘要: 采用景观视觉敏感度、植被景观优势度倒数、平均分维数的倒数、景观斑块数量破碎度、景观聚合度倒数、景观多样性指数倒数、建筑面积比及道路廊道密度指数8个指标构建了生态旅游干扰评价模型,评价分析了生态旅游对武夷山世界自然遗产地植被景观的干扰,并首次利用改进单纯形投影寻踪法来对8个模型指标因子进行聚类分级和检验其贡献度水平。结果表明:生态旅游对武夷山世界自然遗产地中大竹岚、先峰岭、挂敦、双溪口景区景观系统干扰较轻,对桃园峪、黄岗山、双泉寺、麻雀观鸟和罗家洞景区干扰较严重,对坳头农家度假村和三岗景区干扰最严重。8个指标表征干扰强度的贡献率的从大到小的顺序为:视觉敏感度指数=植被景观优势度倒数=平均分维数的倒数>道密度指标>景观多样性指数倒数>景观斑块数量破碎度>建筑面积比>景观聚合度倒数。

关键词: 武夷山世界自然遗产地, 生态旅游, 植被景观, 干扰模型, 改进单纯形投影寻踪法

Abstract: Using St-c index,MD index,MFD index,FN1 index,MAI index,MSHDI index,AR index and RU index,the evaluate model of eco-tourism disturbance was created. with the evaluate model, tourism disturbance of the Wuyishan Natural Heritage vegetation landscape was studied, furthermore, Cluster degree and contribution rate of 8 model indices were analyzed by using MSM-PP for the first time. The result showed that: the Dazulan,the xianfengling,the Guadun and the Shuangxikou scenery spots were disturbed lest seriously; the Taoyuanyu,the Luojiadong,the Shuangquansi,the Masu,the Xianfengling and the Huangganshan scenery spots were disturbed less seriously; the Aotou and the Sangang scenery spots were disturbed most seriously. Evaluate disturbance contribution rate of 8 model indices was list as blow:St-c index=MD index=MFD index> RU index>MSHDI index >FN1 index>AR index and> MAI index.

Key words: the Wuyishan Natural Heritage, eco-tourism, vegetation landscape, disturbance model, MSM-PP

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