中山大学学报自然科学版 ›› 2016, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (6): 86-91.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

晶硅光伏组件在典型气候环境下的性能研究

曾湘安,冯江涛,揭敢新,冯皓,陈心欣,李慧   

  1. 中国电器科学研究院有限公司∥工业产品环境适应性国家重点实验室,广东 广州 510300
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-06 出版日期:2016-11-25 发布日期:2016-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 曾湘安(1988年生),女; 研究方向:光伏组件及其材料的可靠耐久性;Email:zeng_xiangan@126.com

Performance of crystalline silicon PV modules applied in the typical climate

ZENG Xiangan,FENG Jiangtao,JIE Ganxin, FENG Hao,CHEN Xinxin,LI Hui   

  1. China National Electric Apparatus Research Institute(CEI)∥State Key Laboratory of Environmental Adaptability for Industrial Products, Guangzhou 510300, China
  • Received:2016-01-06 Online:2016-11-25 Published:2016-11-25

摘要:

选取海南琼海湿热气候环境试验场和广州花都亚湿热气候环境试验场作为典型气候环境试验基地,将多晶硅光伏组件直接固定电阻负载投试到这两个典型气候环境试验场,研究晶硅组件在真实典型气候环境应用的性能变化规律。利用户外I-V测试仪、实验室I-V测试仪对不同的组件的I-V特性参数进行测试以及利用热电偶对组件的表面温度进行实时记录。结果表明:投试在湿热气候环境试验场的光伏组件,其短路电流Isc、最大功率Pmax等I-V特性参数值的衰减较投试在亚湿热气候环境试验场的光伏组件多,且在组件整个实验过程中,湿热试验场投试的光伏组件的表面温度也高于亚湿热试验场投试的光伏组件的表面温度。

关键词: 光伏组件, 典型气候环境, 组件表面温度, 光伏组件性能衰减

Abstract:

Based on the hot and humid climate outdoor testing site(Located in Qionghai) and sub-humid climate outdoor testing site(located in Guangzhou),the polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic modules fixed with resistive load were tested for studying performance changes in the real applications weather. The outdoor I-V tester and laboratory I-V tester were used to characterized the I-V parameters of various modules, the surface temperature of PV modules was recorded by the thermocouple in situ. The results showed that degradation of Isc, Pmax of PV modules were much higher applied in the hot and humid climate compared to the modules in sub-humid climate. The surface temperature of modules deployed in hot-humid climate was also higher than those in sub-humid climate.

Key words: PV modules, typical climate, module surface temperature, PV modules performance degradation

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