中山大学学报自然科学版 ›› 2018, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (2): 42-51.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

汕头市小公园历史街区的发展演变及影响机制

黄夏苑,李立勋   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-15 出版日期:2018-03-25 发布日期:2018-03-25

The evolution and mechanism of Xiaogongyuan historic district in Shantou city

HUANG Xiayuan, LI Lixun   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2017-10-15 Online:2018-03-25 Published:2018-03-25

摘要:

历史街区是城市的记忆,对城市发展具有重要意义,深入了解历史街区的发展演变及其影响因素,可为城市历史文化的保护、传承与发展提供重要依据。以汕头城市的原点——小公园片区为研究区域,采用地理学的时空演变分析方法,梳理该区域发展演变的基本阶段并分析影响其发展演化的主要因素。研究表明,① 小公园片区的发展可划分为兴起、繁荣、衰败三个阶段,具有明显的阶段性特征;② 小公园片区发展演变的阶段性是地理因素、行政因素、经济因素和社会因素综合作用的结果,各个影响因素在不同时期的作用强度及作用效果均不相同,且这与汕头城市的空间扩展及片区的功能变化密切相关;③ 作为汕头城市的发源地,小公园片区具有凝聚地方认同的力量,未来应注重重塑片区的城市角色与城市功能,促进小公园片区重焕活力,推进保护与改造的进程。

关键词: 历史街区, 汕头小公园片区, 演变

Abstract:

The historic district is the memory of a city, which makes a great influence on city development. Having a good understanding of the historic district is conductive to the protection, inheritance and development of a city in culture. In this paper, temporal-spatial evolution research method in geography was applied to study the evolution of Xiaogongyuan district, the origin of Shantou city, focusing on figuring out its development stages and influence factors. The results are as follows: ①  the development of Xiaogongyuan district can be clearly divided into three periods of the rising, prosperity and decline periods. ② The characteristic of periods was the result of the interaction of geographical, economic, administrative and social factors, which once played an unequal role in intensity and efficiency in each period owing to spatial expansion and functional change of Shantou city. ③ As the original place of Shantou, Xiaogongyuan district has been considered as an iconic place associating with Shantou identity. In the future, more attention should be paid on promoting its protection and reconstruction, rebuilding its characteristic and function, and hence renewing its vitality in the development of Shantou city.

Key words: historic district, Xiaogongyuan district of Shantou, evolution

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