Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunyatseni ›› 2020, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (4): 43-55.doi: 10.13471/j.cnki.acta.snus.2019.10.07.2019D042

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The spatial differentiation of industry and its evolution mechanism in Guangzhou during 1996-2013 

XU Qiying1,2ZHOU Chunshan1,2YE Changdong3NI Fangzhou1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and PlanningSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhou 510275China
    2. Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-SimulationGuangzhou 510275China
    3. Department of Urban and Rural PlanningSouth China Agricultural UniversityGuangzhou 510642China
  • Received:2019-10-08 Online:2020-07-25 Published:2020-07-25

Abstract: The industrial spatial differentiation of Guangzhou is analyzed based on the data of surveys of economy in 2008 and 2013, by using factor analysis and clustering analysis. Then the results are compared with previous findings based on similar data in 1996, 2001, and 2004, in order to derive the evolution process and mechanism of the industry in Guangzhou. The results show that: 1) The industry in Guagnzhou showed progresive decline of main urban industrial areas, sluggish differentiation of comprehensive industrial areas, transfer to periphery of special industrial areas, and the upgrading transformation of rural industrial areas. 2) There are five kinds of patterns of the industrial space differentiation process in Guangzhou, which are the declining pattern of the old industrial areas with production factors evacuating, the preserving pattern of the central industrial areas with capital support, the sustained development pattern of the suburban advanced industrial areas with industrial upgrading, the slack pattern of the peripheral comprehensive industrial areas with path dependence, the saltatory pattern of the outer suburban emerging industrial areas relying on large projects. 3) The administrative mechanism, market mechanism and industrial base together contribute to the differentiation patterns in Guangzhou. 

Key words: industrial area, spatial differentiation, evolution mechanism, Guangzhou

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